How do scientists and doctors become journal editors? Scientific publishing relies on the contributions and expertise of professionals in specialized fields of study not only for content but also for peer review, editorship, and guidance. However, the education and training of botanists, physicists, and child and adolescent psychiatrists rarely includes lessons in scientific editing. Hinting at the fortuitous beginning of his own editorial career with a picture of the escalator on which it was first suggested that he become an editor, Andrés Martin began the session by discussing how editors have traditionally taken on the role— by being in the right place at the right time, by rising through the ranks, or, less appealingly, by seeking money and recognition. He compared common careerpathway models of doctors, clinicians who are also educators or scholars, and, less commonly, clinicians who are also editors. The knowledge and skill sets for this hybrid clinician–editor model is most typically passed down through mentorship, rather than formal education, when an experienced clinician-editor has an opportunity to share some understanding of the many puzzle pieces involved in creating a publication and, ideally, to help to build a pipeline of future editors capable of taking the reins. Speakers Ann R Punnoose and Stacy S Drury then spoke of their editorial positions with JAMA and the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP), respectively, as two contrasting models of mentorship.
“Being an editor at JAMA is a humbling job”
Punnoose, the 2011–2012 Fishbein Fellow of JAMA, spoke about the year that she spent working full time as a reviewing editor and rotating through different departments with JAMA. The Fishbein Fellowship, named for former Editor-inChief Morris Fishbein, was established in 1977 to expose physicians to the skills and practicalities involved in scientific publishing. Working at JAMA, Punnoose shepherded papers through the peerreview process, presented to JAMA editors at manuscript meetings, edited and prepared manuscripts, created podcasts, and wrote several patient pages and a cover essay for JAMA. She also covered the conference of the Radiological Society of North America as a member of the press and wrote a news article, for JAMA, on research presented at the conference.1 Punnoose hopes to follow in the footsteps of past Fishbein Fellows, who have gone on to become contributing, deputy, and senior editors, both at JAMA and at other organizations.
Drury is the second John F McDermott Editor-in-Residence (EiR) for JAACAP. Established in 2008, this position is younger than the Fishbein Fellowship and is still evolving in form and function. In contrast to the Fishbein Fellowship, the position is not on site, and much of the training and mentorship are achieved through e-mails and conference calls. The position is designed to be part time and, given its early development, has permitted each EiR to develop different goals and face different challenges. The inaugural EiR, Schuyler W Henderson, MD, MPH, participated in the coordination of two columns in JAACAP and became involved with CSE, writing an article about the development of future editors.2 During his term, the JAACAP editors were able to learn and observe the successful and possibly unsuccessful aspects of the EiR position and to change the course and direction of the position accordingly. Henderson will soon return to JAACAP as the assistant editor of the Book Forum. Drury became the EiR after serving as a contributing editor. Although she does not work on site, she has participated in conference calls with senior editors, many of whom have been involved in her mentorship, in a model that she refers to as “mosaic mentoring”. During her term, the EiR position has been focused not only on manuscript recruitment but on peer-reviewing and the production process of JAACAP. She wrote about her EiR experience in an article published in AACAP News.3 The divergent experiences and achievements of the first two EiRs have provided important information to the JAACAP editors as this new position continues to be sculpted to fit the needs of future EiRs but also the goals of the journal in establishing and supporting the position.
Those are just two examples of models for mentorship, but together they raise a number of questions about how to guide early-career clinicians and scientists into editorial roles. Still unanswered questions deal with such issues as the time commitment to the position, the duration of the appointment, funding support both for the time committed to the editorial position and for attendance at editorial meetings to enhance the experiences of the fellows, and balancing of interest and investment in the field of the journal and the process of scientific editing.
The message of this session was twofold: first, those currently involved in scientific editing should provide comments, share their knowledge and wisdom, and mentor the development of early-career editors as they learn; and second, those interested in scientific editing should get involved where and when they can and take advantage of a wide array of existing opportunities that will enhance their understanding of the many aspects of scientific editing while developing their editing skills.
- Punnoose AR. Study raises concerns about “heading” in soccer, but jury is still out on risks. JAMA. 2012;307(10):1012–1014.
- Henderson SW. Nurturing the development of future editors: the John F. McDermott Assistant Editor-in-Residence Model. Sci Ed 2009;32(3):25–26.
- Drury SS. The first cut is the deepest: rejection, JAACAP, and a new symphony. AACAP News. 2012;43(2):93.